revolt of 1857 causes and effects

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The immediate cause of the Revolt of 1857 was the incident of the greased cartridge. This War is regarded as the most remarkable one which took place after the British came to India and began to establish their rule. PreserveArticles.com: Preserving Your Articles for Eternity. Social 4. The rebellion. 3. In order to open the cartridges and load the rifles, soldiers (known as sepoys) had to bite into the paper and tear it with their teeth. Artisans and craftsmen were ruined by the large-scale influx of cheap British manufactured goods into India which, in turn, made their hand-made goods uneconomical to produce. But eventually everything took a toll  when the rebellion was contained by British East India Company by end of 1857 and beginning of 1858. The belief that their religion was under threat, united all sections of society against a common enemy. The company’s trade policy destroyed Indian handicrafts. Religion 5. Later in April sepoy troopers at Meerut refused the Enfield cartridges, and, as punishment, they were given long prison terms, fettered, and put in jail. The Company had upgraded to the new Pattern 1853 Enfield rifle, which used greased paper cartridges. After the outbreak of the mutiny in Meerut, the rebels quickly reached Delhi  and proclaimed Bahadur Shah Zafar as emperor of India. Write a short note on the Revolt of 1857 in India. It was the first rebellion against the East India Company which took the massive form. Important Abbreviations for Competitive Exams, Gandhi Jayanti Quiz – GK Questions on Mahatma Gandhi, Top Weekly Current Affairs for SSC, RRB, Bank, PSC 2020 September 21 to 27, World Animal Welfare Day – Quiz, History, Activities and Quotes, Download Entri & attempt free GK Quiz and ace exam preparations. Download Entri & get free monthly current affairs capsule PSC mock tests. On 11 May 1857, they reached Delhi. He belonged to the 34th Infantry stationed at Barrackpore. 5. It was the first great struggle of the Indians for freedom from British imperialism. Although the revolt of 1857 was a failure, but this helped in sowing the seeds of nationalism among the Indians. The Indians, however, developed a deep racial bitterness towards the English and opposed the inferior status granted to them. Reforms such as abolition of ‘sati’, legalization of widow remarriage and extension of western education to women were looked upon as examples of interference in the social customs of the country. Stated thal heirs adopted without the approval of the Compay would only inherit the private property of the owner and the territories would be seized by the Company. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Historians have identified diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857. He refused to use the cartridges and was subsequently hanged. What were the basic and immediate causes of the revolt of 1857? Government of India Act 1858 was passed, according to which the army, financial system, was reorganized and was administered directly by the British government in the new British Raj. On the other hand, there are also scholars who view the Revolt of 1857 as Sepoy Mutiny. The administration did nothing to mitigate these fears and Hindu and Muslim sepoys felt their religion was in grave … The peasants suffered due to high revenue demands and the strict revenue collection policy. All avenues of the promotion were closed to them as all the higher army posts were reserved for the British. 4. At this time, the Enfield rifle was introduced in the army. Entri is the largest exam preparation platform for all Banking, SSC, Railway and State Level PSC exam like Kerala PSC, APPSC, TNPSC, TSPSC in local languages, © 2020 Entri.app - Privacy Policy | Terms of Service. The economic policies of the British were mainly exploitative and led to the severe destruction of the Indian economy. This was the official beginning of the ‘Great Revolt’. This incident, popularly known as the Greased Cartridges Incident, became the immediate cause of the revolt. On 24 April 1857, some soldiers stationed at Meerut also refused to use the cartridges. India - India - The mutiny and great revolt of 1857–59: When soldiers of the Bengal army mutinied in Meerut on May 10, 1857, tension had been growing for some time. Let's discuss these causes in detail; 1. This is your chance to win amazing discounts! India’s traditional economy collapsed as a result of the British ‘investment’ policies and revenue administration. The most important cause of popular discontent was the British policy of economically exploiting India. This turned them against the British. But, the causes of the Revolt of 1857 remains the same. A major cause of the outbreak of the revolt was the fear among the people that the British government was determined to destroy their religion and convert Indians to Christianity. Revolt of 1857 is known as the biggest revolt by Indians against the foreigners, forcing them to leave our motherland India. There were political, economic, social, religious and military causes of the revolt. 2. So also the Act of 1816 which required the new recruits to travel overseas, if needed. Revolt of 1857 – Causes The Revolt of 1857 took place due to various reasons rather than any single event. Economic Causes. In late March 1857 a sepoy named Mangal Pandey attacked British officers at the military garrison in Barrackpore.He was arrested and then executed by the British in early April. Bahadur Shah was arrested at Humanyun’s tomb and exiled to Rangoon where he died in 1862 bringing the Mughal dynasty to an end. What was the character of the Revolt of 1857? A group of historians and writers has asserted that the Revolt was the result of a widespread and well-organized conspiracy. Many causes led to the outbreak of Revolt of 1857. An uprising in several sepoy companies of the Bengal army was sparked by the issue of new gunpowder cartridges for the Enfield rifle in February 1857. The British East India Company had recently introduced the Enfield rifle; the cartridge of the new rifle had to be bitten off before loading and the grease was reportedly made of beef and pig fat. Political Causes 3. The order that forbade the sepoys from wearing caste and sectarian marks hurt their sentiments deeply. Moreover, even under the new regime, the people of Awadh got no relief from oppression. Economic cause: The Great Revolt of 1857 was also an outburst of grievances due to the economic exploitation of the company. Besides, they had other grievances. On 10 May 1857, these rebel soldiers killed their British officers, released their imprisoned comrades and hoisted the flag of revolt. There were other specific and more immediate causes for the discontent among the sepoys. That spark was provided by as small a thing as a rifle cartridge. South India remained quiet and Punjab and Bengal were only marginally affected. British expansionist policies, most of Raja’s, Nawab’s and zamindar’s, were either dispossessed or became subsidiary to the British 2. The annexation of Awadh, on grounds of misgovernment, was greatly resented. Disclaimer It deeply hurt the sentiments of the Company’s sepoys because most of them came from Awadh. The main impact of Revolt of 1857 was the dissolution of the East India Company(EIC). The revolt of 1857 is an important marker in Indian History, and is an area where questions have repeatedly featured in the Civil Services (Prelims) and Civil Services (Mains) Examinations conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). The British, after the Revolt of 1857, decided to concentrate in providing a sound and efficien… There was diverse reasons like political, economic, military, religious and social reasons for the uprising of revolt against the tyranny of British East India company. The Revolt or uprising of 1857 was a valiant effort by disgruntled Indian sepoys to overthrow the colonial power from Indian shores, however, it ended in failure. Since they worked against the interests of Indian trade and industry, Indian handicrafts completely collapsed and British trading policies destroyed the Indian cottage industry. The Hindu sepoys resented this as according to the popular Hindu belief, travel across the sea led to a loss of caste. Revolt of 1857 is considered as a watershed movement in history. This Revolt was initiated by the sepoys of the company, so it has been commonly termed as ‘Sepoy Mutiny’. The social reforms introduced by the British were looked upon with suspicion by the conservative sections of the Indian society. Main article: Causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857 The Indian Rebellion of 1857 occurred as the result of an accumulation of factors over time, rather than any single event. The Revolt of 1857 was described as ‘The first war of Independence’ by. Only a spark was needed to set the country ablaze. Content Guidelines Indian economy now suffered under the British policies. Almost half the Indian soldiers not only did not Revolt but fought against their own countrymen. It was estimated that not more than one fourth of the total area and not more than one tenth of the total population was affected. This hurt the Indian muslims and Hindus religious ideologies and they refused to use the Enfield rifle. which angered the local ruler, who had to now live i… As a result, there was an increase in dissatisfaction and hatred against British rule among different sections of Indian society. For which he started to use doctrine of lapse. The immediate cause of the Indian Revolt of 1857, or Sepoy Mutiny, was a seemingly minor change in the weapons used by the British East India Company's troops. Check us for further details. By AD 1857, the stage was set for a massive revolt. When Muslim and Hindu troops learned that the tip of the … Military Causes: Indian soldiers formed seven-eighth of the total British troops in India. He was driven by conviction to bring all the Indian states ruled by local rulers into the fold of British administration. Here, they were joined by the local infantry. The British policy of territorial annexations led to the displacement of a large number of rulers and chiefs. TOS REVOLT OF 1857 Causes of the revolt of 1857 These are broadly categorized into four parts: Political causes: LORD DALHOUSIE: A. Doctrine of lapse. The rebellion against colonialisation of British East India Company, began on 10th  May, 1857, in the form of a mutiny by sepoys of the Company’s army in the garrison town of Meerut and this led to further mutinies by civilian rebellions in other parts of India mainly in upper Gangetic plain and central India. Ruin of the Mercantile Class. The Revolt of 1857 is an important topic in almost every competitive exams. It was initiated by sepoys in the Bengal Presidency against the British officers,  marking the beginning to the end of rule by the British East India company. Then British Governor-General of India, Lord Dalhousie (1848 to 1856) who passed the Widow Remarriage Act of 1856 also passed decrees allowing Hindus who had converted to Christianity to be able to inherit property, which had previously been denied by local practice. Sepoys had to open the greased cartridge with one’s teeth to load the Enfield rifle. They were also influenced by the general fear that their religion was in danger. The revolt of 1857 was a landmark event in the history of India. The annexation of Awadh inflamed their strong feelings against foreign rule. What was the immediate cause of the Revolt of 1857? The Indian Sepoy Mutiny of 1857 is also known as the Great Revolt, Indian Rebellion, the Great Uprising and the Great Rebellion of 1857. 1. As they were … All the articles you read in this site are contributed by users like you, with a single vision to liberate knowledge. Causes for the failure of Revolt 1857. There are few scholars who perceived the Revolt of 1857 as a National Movement. This greased cover had to be bitten off before the cartridge could be loaded into the rifle. They one by one became victims of British expansionism 4… The rebels seized Delhi and declared the Mughal emperor, Bahadur Shah Zafar as the emperor of India. The revolt was poorly organized with no co-ordination … Rani Lakshmi Bai and Nana Sahib became bitter enemies of the British and led to the revolt in their respective territories. Historians like Sir John Seeley called the revolt a mere sepoy mutiny with no popular support and native leadership. The Nawabs of Awadh had always been loyal to the British. Subsidiary alliance and Doctrine of Lapsepolicy hampered the interests of the rulers of the native states 3. The increasing activities of the Christian missionaries and the actual conversions made by them were taken as a proof of this fear. One of the important events of Indian history is the Revolt of 1857. The main persons behind this rebellion were the soldiers [sepoy]. Wherein  the sepoys were Indian soldiers who were recruited into the Company’s army. The period after the revolt saw major changes in British policies and in the administrative set-up of India. The EIC returned to being just a trading organization. Causes of 1857 Revolt The issue of greased cartridges and military grievances has been over-emphasized, as the factor for the Revolt of 1857. In this article we will discuss about the Revolt of 1857 and its causes and effects. The revolutionary leader who conducted guerrilla warfare against British during 1857 revolt? The Revolt of 1857  was a major outbreak but ultimately unsuccessful, uprising in India in 1857–58 against the rule of the British East India Company. The era of annexation and expansion ended. There was diverse reasons like political, economic, military, religious and social reasons for the uprising of revolt against the tyranny of British East India company. One of the main cause for uprising in several sepoy companies of the Bengal army was because of the  introduction of new gunpowder cartridges for the Enfield rifle. This incident sparked off a general mutiny among the sepoys of Meerut. The Revolt of 1857 is also called as Sepoy Mutiny, the Indian Mutiny, the Great Rebellion, the Indian Insurrection, and the First War of Independence. Indian sepoys believed that the cartridges were greased with cow and pig fat. Here we outline the various political and economic factors that helped cause the revolt. Indians were agitated with the company because increased tax on land. This seems to have been a very important reason for the spread of the rebellion, Heavy taxation and land annexations by the British East Indian Company (BEIC) led to a large number of peasants losing their land, were another reason  for the uprising. 8.) It is considered as the country’s First War of Independence which was against the rule of the British.. The social discrimination faced by the Indians due to the British attitude of racial superiority also led to much resentment. The rebellion was first started by sepoys of the company’s army on May 10, 1857 at Meerut. Samajho All India UPSC Prelims Test Series: https://premium.samajho.com This is a Must Watch video for those who are preparing for any Entrance Exam. Download Entri & get free Kerala PSC mock tests, The Revolt of 1857 took place due to various reasons rather than any single event. The causes include many factors such as Political, Economic, Social, Religious and Military causes. Another cause of sepoy discontent was the withdrawal of the Foreign Service allowance (‘batta’), which the sepoys were getting for fighting outside the country. The revolt of 1857 was initiated due to various factors which are stated below: Religious & Social Causes – racism or racial discrimination was believed to be a major reason for the revolt of 1857 wherein Indians were exploited and were kept away from mixing with Europeans. Revolt of 1857 - its causes and effects The causes which caused resentment against the British rule was Economic, Political, Socio-religious and Military. Economic Causes: Added to political and administrative distrust for the British East India Company, … Below listed are few other reasons  that  led to revolt of1857-. But it was not simply a revolt of sepoys. As the Hindus consider the cow sacred and the Muslims do not eat pit’s meat, both these communities were enraged at such a blatant attempt to harm their religion. The immediate cause of military disaffection was the deployment of the new breech-loading Enfield rifle, the cartridge of which was purportedly greased with pork and beef fat. 4. May 1, 2018 by Study Mentor Leave a Comment. Enter your email address and spin the wheel. The reasons for the failure of the 1857 Revolt are many and can be grouped into Administrative, Military and Political causes. The causes for the revolt of 1987 was can categorized under 1. The first soldier to protest against using the greased cartridges was Mangal Pandey. Our mission is to liberate knowledge. CAUSES OF REVOLT. Ravi Yadav PCS 212,049 views 14:12 PreserveArticles.com is a free service that lets you to preserve your original articles for eternity. This  uprising rebellion posed a considerable threat to British power and gave Indian’s more hope and strength to fight for freedom. Which British officer played prominent role in recapturing Kanpur and Lucknow? Also these were seen as steps towards forced conversion to Christianity. The revolt of 1857 created a big gap between the different religious communities especially the Hindus and the Muslims as each blamed the other for its failure. People who made a living by following religious and cultural pursuits lost their source of livelihood due to the withdrawal of royal patronage caused by the displacement of the old ruling classes. British rule had adversely affected the interest of almost all sections of society and severely affected the way of life in India. How you can use Entri app for your exam preparation: Hope you have benefited from this article. Assam PSC Junior Engineer (Civil) Screening Test Admit Card, List of 28 States of India and their Capitals and Languages, New Map of India with States and Capitals, List of government banks in India: All you need to know, Kerala PSC LDC Syllabus and Exam Pattern 2020, Kerala PSC 10th Level Preliminary Syllabus 2020. Copyright. The vigorous application of the policies of Subsidiary Alliance and Doctrine of Lapse angered the ruling sections of the society. You can access full length mock tests and previous year question papers. Various reasons has led to the revolt. Educated Indians were denied promotions and appointments to high office. Examples - Jhansi, Satara, Nagpur, Sambalpur etc seized in this … Privacy Policy A corrupt and unresponsive administration added to the miseries of the people. A) Delhi ------------- … Princely states were promised partial autonomy while remaining under British protection. Peasants had to pay even higher revenue and additional taxes were imposed. This punishment incensed their comrades, who rose on May … Download for free of cost and get access to video classes, exams and study cards with a single subscription fee. As they were an integral part of the Indian society, they too suffered the consequences of the oppressive British rule. Under the doctrine of lapse, the British annexed any Indian state where the ruler did not have a male heir. It is believed by many historians that Lord Dalhousie laid the foundations of the Indian Rebellion of 1857. The sepoys were Indian soldiers who were recruited into the Company's army. Its cartridges were covered with a greased paper cover. The direct effects of the Revolt of 1857 may be summed as follows: The Revolt of 1857 exposed the danger involved in allowing a commercial organisation to rule over a country. 5. 1857 की क्रांति ||Revolt of 1857 history in Hindi || modern history of india in hindi || part 1 - Duration: 14:12. PreserveArticles.com is an online article publishing site that helps you to submit your knowledge so that it may be preserved for eternity. The annexation was widely seen as a blatant act of back-stabbing by the British. 6. Who was Governor General of India during 1857 mutiny? 3. Who was the first Martyr in the first Indian Independence war 1857? 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