political causes of first war of independence 1857 in detail

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Learn. 10:00 AM to 7:00 PM IST all days. Number of historians argue that the revolt. The peasantry were never really to recover from the disabilities imposed by the new and a highly unpopular revenue settlement. Causes of the Revolt of 1857: (a) Political Causes i. Doctrine of Lapse: Lord Dalhousie successfully annexed many Indian states to the English East India Company. 4 0 obj Flashcards. Land levies left no savings with the cultivators so they were not able to invest in the advancement of agriculture. �� ��TN�+BČ���'6� � W�o7��Y��_}���T�f��"����J)�5WB�e�s[n��8SԾ6z~_]l����d�q\�^�lVۻ^QuGF���r7,�. Thus the great House of Mughals was finally and completely extinguished. STUDY. India got independence from the British rule on 15th August, 1947, but the fundamental struggle that led to freedom has been a long drawn process. 2. 2. It led to changes in the system of administration and the policy of the Government. As the land levies were a major source of revenue for the British, they tried to make maximum out of it. And then came the explosion at Meerut. The company also did not spend the revenues of the land for the benefit of the land and its people. Test. ;�B�����"$?���,������K7�,j�� The revolt began at Meerut, 58 km from Delhi, on May 10, 1857 and then, gathering force rapidly, soon embraced a vast area from the Punjab in the north and the Narmada in the south to Bihar in the east and Rajputana in the west. Write. V D Savarkar wrote book in 1902 and called revolt of 1857 as 1st National War of Independence because: The revolt represented the biggest coordinated armed revolt against the British rule. E���߇�%jc�iE��V���N{��V��>ķ�zݡK�=�bԅ����&�����`��ۧ�G����!��ߺuD�P�����N�(��̫b�����R,N���W�� �*�! This war was not triggered by a single reason, but multiple factors played their role. Land levies left no savings with the cultivators so they were not able to invest in the advancement of agriculture. The 7th Awadh Regiment which defied its officers on May 3 met with a similar fate. Created by. 1. By the first half of the 19th century, the East India Company had brought major portions of India under its control. <>>> The peasantry were never really to recover from the disabilities imposed by the new and a highly unpopular revenue settlement. Political Causes of the First War of Indian Independence Policy of Expansion: After the Battle of Plassey, the British began to conquer Indian territories rapidly. The revolt of 1857 played an important role in bringing the Indian people together and imparting to them the consciousness of belonging to one country. ?���[��@ҁ�Fl:�Q��6$�m�s�H�X39��PՈJ The First War of Independence, 1857. Impoverished by heavy taxation, the peasants resorted to loans from moneylenders/traders at usurious rates, the latter often evicting the former on non-payment of debt dues. Lack of a coherent ideology and a political perspective. Also, the British officials had great contempt for Indians. Dr K. Datta considers the revolt of 1857 to have been “in the main a military outbreak, which was taken advantage of by certain discontented princes and landlords, whose interests had been affected by the new political leader”. Concecrated in 1836 St. James's and the surrounding area saw some of the fiercest episodes in the first Indian war of Independence in 1857. The Scholars of England called the famous event of 1857 as the sepoy Mutiny. Although, it was unsuccessful but left great memories. British policy discouraged Indian handicrafts and promoted British goods. why did the doctrine of lapse become a political cause for the great uprising of 1857 - History and Civics - TopperLearning.com | f96hc6yy ... For Study plan details. It was initiated to get rid of the British domination. Begun in Meerut by Indian troops in the service of the British East India Company, it spread to Delhi, Agra, Kanpur, and Lucknow. Spell. The Revolt of —the First War of Independence! Causes of 1857 Revolt The issue of greased cartridges and military grievances has been over-emphasized, as the factor for the Revolt of 1857. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 is also called the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, India's First War of Independence or India's first struggle for independence.It began on 10 May 1857 at Meerut, as a mutiny of sepoys of the British East India Company's army. The British captured Delhi on September 20, 1857 after prolonged and bitter fighting. RSTV topic on NATIONAL CRIME RECORDS BUREAU REPORT 2018, RSTV topic on ARTICLE 131- SPECIAL POWERS OF SUPREME COURT, RSTV topic on CARBON TRADING & CLIMATE CHANGE for UPSC, RSTV topic on ANTICIPATORY BAIL for UPSC – Diligent IAS, RSTV topic on Corona Virus for UPSC – Diligent IAS. The main causes of the War were political, social, economical, military and religious. The causes of the War of Independence were political, economic, religious, social and military. Limited territorial spread was one factor, there was no all-India veneer about the revolt. o38�6�m��2�{�-�4E��_�>�O�h�[Ͼ1۵�����H�T�3��`҅5����]��h$�i�)��?�UI�8q��~�\��e/�޴X�:[7n#�m�iVkL���1k�+[SAJ�Q�1Hnmᖚ�@�A���� The highly skilled Indian craftsmen were forced to look for alternate sources of employment that hardly existed, as the destruction of Indian handicrafts was not accompanied by the development of modern industries. Terms in this set (16) What were the political causes of the first war of independence? Revolt of 1857 – Causes The Revolt of 1857 took place due to various reasons rather than any single event. The royal princes were captured and butchered on the spot, publicly shot at point blank range, by Lieutenant Hudson himself. There are certain political causes of the 1857 revolt .. such as . The rebellion began on 10 May 1857 in the form of a mutiny of sepoys of the Company's army in the garrison town of Meerut, 40 mi (64 km) northeast of Delhi (now Old Delhi). There was diverse reasons like political, economic, military, religious and social reasons for the uprising of revolt against the tyranny of British East India company. Match. Befor Meerut incident, the 19th Native Infantry at Berhampur, which refused to use the newly introduced Enfield rifle and broke out in mutiny in February 1857 was disbanded in March 1857. Question 2: The First War of Independence of 1857 was the culmination of peoples’ dissatisfaction with the British rule. Annexation of Indian States by Doctrine of Lapse Policy . There are several reasons for the war of Independence in 1857. The Indian states were henceforth to recognise the paramountcy of the British Crown and were to be treated as parts of a single charge. There are various names for the revolt of 1857 – India’s First War of Independence, Sepoy Mutiny, etc. British rule also meant misery to the artisans and handicrafts-men. Test. WAR OF INDEPENDENCE 1857. Unpopular administration as the British officials were not easily approachable and the language need was English, aliean to the natives. The imperialist policy of the East India Company was an important factor. They imposed exorbitant rates of land revenue on poor farmers causing their impoverishment. Impoverished by heavy taxation, the peasants resorted to loans from moneylenders/traders at usurious rates, the latter often evicting the for… 1. On the other hand, the European soldiers were equipped with the latest weapons of war like the Enfield rifle. Chapter Two The Causes Of The Rebellion Maj (Retd) AGHA HUMAYUN AMIN from WASHINGTON DC gives a brilliant analysis of the 1857 war of Independence The events of 1857 were unique both in terms of historical precedence and in terms of the socio-political sphere as far as India was concerned. V D Savarkar wrote book in 1902 and called revolt of 1857 as 1st National War of Independence because: The revolt represented the biggest coordinated armed revolt against the British rule. The revolt of 1857 was a product of the character and policies of rule. 1800-212-7858 / 9372462318. Treatment given to Nana Saheb and Rani Laxmi Bai 4. Spell. The war of 1857 was hailed as the first war of independence because the revolt of 1857 was a result of discontent which was prevailing inside every Indian for colonialism. �J��y�=b�9,0?T��{�t"�a��i�G��,fq��L�����`)2o�!\s�������k��lS��z���`�홼W�R��r*��X��so��V,U�I&���9f��E�]B��аf�Bw��.9d��)�5A�q8��,#���!=�"�L1��( �C�JL^�Юg���w@.v%�p�g쪲�� (General Service Enlistment Act which decreed that all future recruits to the Bengal Army would have to give an undertaking to serve anywhere their services), Unhappy with emoluments. The First War of Independence, 1857. Hence, t… According to Marxist historians, the 1857 revolt was “the struggle of the soldier-peasant democratic combine against foreign as well as feudal bondage”. PLAY. Unpopular revenue settlement 1. Political Causes Because of Doctrine of Lapse, the local Indian leaders saw them in decline The Mistreatment with the Mug Hal Emperor and disrespect that Lord Dalhouise made by moving the royal family from Delhi to Qutb Shah In Civil service jobs were given to less Indians, adding fuel to the fire the British replaced Persian and declared English as theofficial language It began when Indian troops (sepoys) in the service of Britain’s East India Company refused to use purportedly tainted weaponry. The Indian soldiers were poorly equipped materially, fighting generally with swords and spears and very few guns and muskets. Gravity. This war is called war of Independence. Click one of our member below to chat on. First war of independence, 1857. %���� It is now an admitted fact that th mass uprising of the people of Indo-Pakistan against the British rule in 1857 was not a spontaneous reaction of alien rule but the emption of the volcano of discontent which had kept smoldering for about a century. Flashcards. The revolt of 1857 was the conscious beginning of the Independence struggle against the colonial tyranny of the British. e.g. • It ended the Mughal Empire’s reign completely from the political scene. Treatment given to Nana Saheb and Rani Laxmi Bai 4. Rampant corruption, among the police, petty officials and lower law courts. Question 1: Explain the political causes that led to the uprising of 1857. It was a mere ‘Sepoy Mutiny’ to some British historians—”a wholly unpatriotic and selfish Sepoy Mutiny with no native leadership and no -popular support”, said Sir John Seeley. endobj War of Independence is an important landmark in the history of Sub-Continent. It is also given names as Indian Rebellion, Indian Mutiny as well as Indian Revolt. The era of annexations and expansion ended and the British promised to respect the dignity and rights of the native princes. This was done by using the provisions of the Doctrine ofLapse. It was far more than a mutiny…. By one estimate, not more than one-fourth of the total area and not more than one-tenth of the total population was affected. John Nicholson, the leader of the siege, was badly wounded and later succumbed to his injuries. Causes 1857 War of Independence can be analyzed in terms of several sets of causative factors such as military unrest, religious tensions, social discontentment, economic frustration etc. The culmination of traditional opposition to the British rule came with the First War of Independence in 1857, in which millions of peasants, artisans and soldiers participated. The revolt of 1857 was initiated due to various factors which are stated below: Religious & Social Causes – racism or racial discrimination was believed to be a major reason for the revolt of 1857 wherein Indians were exploited and were kept away from mixing with Europeans. why did the doctrine of lapse become a political cause for the great uprising of 1857 - History and Civics - TopperLearning.com | f96hc6yy ... For Study plan details. It was at the beginning of the twentieth century that the 1857 revolt came to be interpreted as a “planned war of national independence”, by V.D. During the entire revolt, there was complete cooperation between Hindus and Muslims at all levels—people, soldiers, leaders. Unpopular revenue settlement 1. The right of succession was denied to Hindu princes. Influence of outside events the revolt of 1857 coincided with certain outside events in which the British suffered serious losses—the first afghan war (1838-42), Punjab wars (1845-49), Crimean wars (1854-56), santhal rebellion (1855-57). In 1857 British faced a serious challenge to their rule in India. Causes of Revolt of 1857. 3. The Revolt of 1857, also regarded as India's First War of Independence is an extremely important event of Indian history. Number of historians argue that the revolt. 3 0 obj Policy of expansion 2. Immediate banning of cow slaughter was ordered once the revolt was successful in a particular area. Political and Social Causes of Revolt of 1857 Recently Akash got to know that revolt of 1857 is also known as First War of Independence. The assumption of the Government of India by the sovereign of Great Britain was announced by Lord Canning at a durbar at Allahabad in the ‘Queen’s Proclamation’ issued on November 1, 1858. Under this spurious doctrine, he annexed Satara, Sambalpur, Jhansi and Nagpur etc. Causes of the War of Independence There were many causes of the War of Independence of 1857. Zamindars, the traditional landed aristocracy, often saw their land rights forfeited with frequent use of a quo warranto by the administration. Terrible vengeance was wreaked on the inhabitants of Delhi. Economic Causes: Added to political and administrative distrust for the British East India Company, … 1. Because of all these reasons Kings, Princes, their courtiers and disbanded s… Restrictions on wearing caste and sectarian marks. 10:00 AM to 7:00 PM IST all days. With the fall of Delhi the focal point of the revolt disappeared. First war of independence, 1857. Rebels and sepoys, both Hindu and Muslim, respected each other’s sentiments. Sepoys in the Presidency of Bengal revolted against their British officers. which angered the local ruler, who had to now live i… It also affected large parts of North and Central India. -Immediate Cause: Greasing the cartridges of Enfield Rifle with cow & pig fat, sentiments of soldiers were hurt, Mangal Pandey shot British officer and later Mangal Pandey was hung, this infuriated the Indian soldiers and they started the revolt. Aggressive policies of ‘effective control’, ‘subsidiary alliance’ and ‘doctrine of lapse’. Gravity. Revolt of 1857 – Causes The Revolt of 1857 took place due to various reasons rather than any single event. Political Causes: The British policy of territorial annexations led to the displacement of a large number of rulers and chiefs. That’s why they introduced systems like Doctrine of Lapse by which Indian states could be taken over by the Company in case … The East India Company was aiming to annex all the states of India like Avadh, Tanjore, Jhansi, Satara, etc. Tyrannical Rule: • The rebels due to their incompetence failed to … The revolt was poorly organized with no coordination or central leadership. Terms in this set (16) What were the political causes of the first war of independence? The Indian Rebellion of 1857 is also called the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, India's First War of Independence or India's first struggle for independence.It began on 10 May 1857 at Meerut, as a mutiny of sepoys of the British East India Company's army. The First War of Independence, 1857. The rebellion began on 10 May 1857 in the form of a mutiny of sepoys of the Company's army in the garrison town of Meerut, 40 mi (64 km) northeast of Delhi (now Old Delhi). Views differ on the nature of the 1857 revolt. The direct responsibility for the administration of the country was assumed by the British Crown and Company rule was abolished. Policy of expansion 2. The eastern, southern and western parts of India remained more or less unaffected. The conditions of service in the company’s army came into conflict with the religious beliefs. The Army, which was at the forefront of the outbreak, was thoroughly reorganised and British military policy came to be dominated by the idea of “division and counterpoise”. Annexation of Awadh on the charge of Mis-Governance . The peasantry were never really to recover from the disabilities imposed by the new and a highly unpopular revenue settlement. It also affected large parts of North and Central India. The British Government had to pour immense supplies of men, money and arms into the country, though Indians had to later repay the entire cost through their own suppression. (Cause of dissatisfaction was the order that they would not be given the foreign service allowance (Matta) when serving in Sindh or in Punjab), Racial discrimination. This led to extreme resentment among the successors of rulers who died without a natural heir. Modern educated Indians viewed this revolt as backward looking, and mistakenly hoped the British would usher in an era of modernisation. Impoverished by heavy taxation, the peasants resorted to loans from moneylenders/traders at usurious rates, the latter often evicting the for… A young sepoy of the 34th Native Infantry, MangalPande, went a step further and fired at the sergeant major of his unit at Barrackpore. 1. stream As British extended their control they introduced many ways of grabbing land like the use of Doctrine of Lapse was introduced by Lord Dalhousie was very unpopular. Learn. 1800-212-7858 / 9372462318. There are some political as well as social reasons for the war.the doctrine of lapse was one of the major reasons.when a ruler of a state died and there was no legal heir to take his place the british would take over that state • The Muslims were shaken by the removal of Muslim authority. It explains the background of the 1857 Indian War of Independence or what a section of writers call 1857 Indian Sepoy's Mutiny, enumerates in detail the social,economic and political causes of this momentous event, narrates the course of events, reasons of its failure and ends with a detailed analysis about its long term and short term impact. , t… Indian Mutiny, etc and to provide you with relevant advertising to from... Succession was denied to Hindu princes was not for any altruistic motives, rather pure... Had brought major portions of India like Avadh, Tanjore, Jhansi and Nagpur etc was to! State where the ruler did not join the revolt of 1857 at Barrackpore, Bengal was Pandey! 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